How a conflict in Gulf could impact commodities markets

      Published on Tuesday, 23 July , 2019      262 Views     
How a conflict in Gulf could impact commodities markets


Surging oil and gas prices, skyrocketing insurance costs and attacks on energy and banking infrastructure are likely to follow quickly if Iran’s seizing of two U.K.-linked tankers spirals into outright war.

A lengthy conflict in the Gulf could help tip the U.S. and global economies into recession and even accelerate the worldwide move away from fossil fuels. Here’s what some top oil, commodity and geopolitical analysts see as the most likely outcomes.





Will the Strait of Hormuz be shut down?

In a limited confrontation the flow of oil and other commodities should continue through the strait, with the caveat that certain oil tankers could be targeted by Iran, said Ian Bremmer, president and founder of Eurasia Group, a political risk research and consulting firm. In a major war, Iran could shut the strait and lay mines.

A concerted effort will be made to keep the strait open, and before any military strike begins, a plan to protect ships will have been worked out with other regional countries, such as Saudi Arabia, said Ole Sloth Hansen, head of commodity strategy at Saxo Bank A/S. Insurance costs will skyrocket, or there will be no cover at all, and ship owners with no cover may be reluctant to risk their vessels.

The idea the Strait of Hormuz would close is “nonsense,” said Fereidun Fesharaki, chairman of energy industry consultant FGE and an adviser to Iran’s government in the 1970s. If a ship is sunk in the strait, it might close for a couple of weeks, but then traffic will resume. If the Iranians try and shoot everything that passes, then the British, French and everyone will get involved. “The Iranians know if they do that they will lose big, although their proxies could put mines in the strait.”

How would oil and gas prices react?

Oil could jump to $100 a barrel or higher immediately after a war breaking out, but would likely settle closer to $80 once some resilience of exports from the region is demonstrated, said Ken Medlock, a senior director at Rice University’s Center for Energy Studies in Houston. While the rise of U.S. shale might mute the impact a bit, it can’t offset any major disruption in the Middle East.

Crude could spike toward $90 a barrel before eventually collapsing amid the negative impact on global demand, Hansen said. The level it reaches will depend on the ability to maintain safe passage through the Strait of Hormuz.

In the case of a full regional conflict, oil will rise past $100 a barrel and could even go to $150, Bremmer said. If there are only limited strikes, oil might reset at around $80.

Liquefied natural gas prices may rise more than oil prices due to the fact that a greater proportion of global flows pass through the Strait of Hormuz than for oil. “Whatever the spike you get in oil, you will likely get twice the spike in spot LNG,” David Hewitt, an oil and gas analyst at Macquarie Capital Ltd., said in June.

The market is largely discounting the chance of war at the moment, Fesharaki said. If there’s a major attack and reprisals, Brent could go to $90 to $100 a barrel.

How vulnerable is Middle East energy infrastructure?

Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates is most vulnerable to a conflict because its oil installations are in a small area, unlike in Saudi Arabia where they’re very spread out, Fesharaki said. “Their fields are close by, the offshore ones can be hit immediately. Once they throw a few missiles, foreign companies will evacuate, and if they don’t have foreign workers, they can’t produce the oil.”

There would likely be an increase in Iranian cyber-attacks on energy and banking targets in Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E., Bremmer said.

What will be some of the indirect effects?

Japan, India and South Korea would be some of the most vulnerable economies to a Gulf war due to their heavy dependence on the region’s crude. India imports more than 80% of its oil and around two-thirds of that comes from the Middle East. Every 10% increase in the price of a barrel of crude widens the nation’s current-account deficit by about 0.4% of gross domestic product, Sonal Varma, chief India economist at Nomura Holdings Inc., said in late June.

Higher oil prices will push the U.S. and global economies toward recession, Hansen said. Industrial metals will take a hit from the economic downturn and gold should move higher despite a stronger dollar. The current global move away from fossil fuels would also be intensified.

A Middle East war could accelerate the move away from oil as it would remind people they’re reliant on a dangerous place, Fesharaki said.



“Oil is dying by itself over the next 10-15 years, this would just be a kick in the butt.”


Keywords:
Category World | 2019/07/23 latest update at 3:00 PM
Source : | Photocredit :
263 Views
Comments Add comment



Gulf Media

Related Articles

The editorial staff of Qatar Today would like to give all of its readers from Gulf and Qatar and the whole world the opportunity to participate actively in the development of the website! If you have something interesting, fun, scandalous - just something worth to be seen from more people. Capture it and share it in the Qatar Today with a short text.

Do you have information you want to reach our readers?

Send article/s

You can subscribe to our Facebook, Twitter and Google pages or use our RSS feed channel to always read the most important news about Qatar, the Gulf and the world.


Saudi king invites Qatar emir to Riyadh summit: Doha Emir

Saudi king invites Qatar emir to Riyadh summit: Doha

Saudi King Salman has invited Qatar’s emir to a meeting next week of the Gulf regional bloc in…

Only international actions can settle the world’s ‘enormous and diverse cross-border challenges’, Qatar tells UN Assembly Emir

Only international actions can settle the world’s ‘enormous and diverse cross-border challenges’, Qatar tells UN Assembly

Pointing to “the strategic importance of the Gulf region”, Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad al-Thani Amir maintained that its stability warrants…

Amir congratulates President of Colombia Emir

Amir congratulates President of Colombia

Amir H H Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Deputy Amir H H Sheikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al…

Iran’s Rouhani Says Boosting Ties With Qatar A Priority Emir

Iran’s Rouhani Says Boosting Ties With Qatar A Priority

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani described enhancement of relations with neighbors, Qatar in particular, as an indispensable part of…

GULF TV

Popular in GULF TV

About DFI – Doha Film Institute Video

39850 Views

Doha Film Institute is dedicated to film appreciation, education, and building a dynamic film industry in Qatar that…

Latest videos in GULF TV

Events

Qatar Events

Lifestyle

Life

Culture

Culture News

Sport

Sport

Science & Technology

Science & Technology

Government

Government News