The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) has published a book entitled “3 years since the blockade of Qatar”, in which it referred to unilateral coercive measures taken by the blockading countries against the State of Qatar and its citizens and residents when it severed diplomatic relations with it on June 5, 2017, and accordingly, they gravely violated numerous basic human rights.
The book contains statistics on violations of human rights and freedoms committed by the three Gulf blockading States “Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the Kingdom of Bahrain against the State of Qatar, as well as international reports on these violations, international provisions and decisions against the blockade of the State of Qatar, conclusions, legal description, recommendations, and a profile of the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) in terms of its establishment, functions, and its role in promoting and protecting human rights at all levels, and its obtaining of (A) rating from the Accreditation Subcommittee of the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions.
The report noted that the total violations of human rights and freedoms monitored and documented by the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) as a result of the blockade of the three Gulf States amounted to 4275 violations, including the right to movement, residence, ownership, education, health, work, litigation, the right to family reunification, freedom of opinion and expression, arbitrary detention and concealment, forced incitement to violence, hatred and the right to practice religious rites, citing several examples of each of these violations.
The book also touched on a series of periodic reports prepared by the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) to monitor the negative effects of the blockade on human rights in the State of Qatar, including reports of special violations such as the report on deprivation of religious rites, report on the violation of the right to property, report on the violation of the right to food and medicine, and report on the violation of the right to education.
As for the reports of general violations, including the report of the Fourth Committee for Human Rights Violations of the State of Qatar as a result of the blockade, titled “Six months of violations, what next”, another report entitled “A year after the continuation of human rights violations by the blockading countries”, and the report “After six months have passed”..Non-compliance by the United Arab Emirates with the decisions of the International Court of Justice, January 15, 2019, then another general report entitled “One and a half years since the decision of the International Court of Justice … The United Arab Emirates continues to violate human rights” January 2020.
The book , under the title, “Conclusions and Legal Characterization,” noted that the governments of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the Kingdom of Bahrain have violated, through their unilateral arbitrary measures, several principles and agreements of the international human rights law, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on Women and Children, Persons with Disabilities, and Forced Disappearance, in addition to the Arab Charter for Human Rights and the GCC Declaration of Human Rights.
The blockading countries also flagrantly violated the “Chicago” agreement by prohibiting the movement of Qatari civil aviation over their territories without any military necessity or reasons related to public security.
The book concluded with recommendations prepared by the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) for all concerned parties to take necessary and possible measures to lift the blockade and the resulting violations, and demanding compensation for all the damage caused to all individuals.
The National for Human Rights Committee (NHRC) submitted these recommendations to the United Nations, the Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the blockade countries, the General Secretariat of the Cooperation Council for the Arab Gulf States (GCC) and the Qatari government.
The book has been published in three languages: Arabic, English and French. It was posted on the National for Human Rights Committee (NHRC) website.
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